PSSC Presentations/Exhibits

The PSSC membership wishes to share their passion for things philatelic by making available some of their presentations for all to enjoy. Below you will find exhibits big and small, PowerPoint presentations, Show-and-Tell pages, the occasional video and more as members submit items.

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067 THE “GOLDEN AGE” OF UK POSTAGE DUE POSTCARDS – TO WORLD WAR ONE

This exhibit illustrates the evolving rules as to what was allowed as a postcard and how cards that broke the rules were charged postage due by the UK Post Office. It covers from the start of postcards in the 1870s up to World War One – including the early 1900s - sometimes referred to as the “Golden Age” of postcards. International incoming, outgoing and transit usages are shown together with internal usages. It makes extensive references to the GPU/UPU rules which were initially very restrictive but under intense public pressure were gradually relaxed as private postcards were allowed and eventually in October 1907 all countries allowed messages on half the address side. The exhibit includes a wide variety of infractions of the regulations and destinations and points of origin from around the world.

By: Snelson, Kenneth

View PDF (16.2Mb) »

[UK POSTAGE DUE POSTCARDS]

066 RETURN TO SENDER-KILLED IN ACTION

The covers in this exhibit reveal the procedures in handling letters received at a Unit and addressed to a Canadian soldier who had been killed in action. Lieutenant James William Hartley was 27 when he was killed by Allied Artillery fire on 18 July 1944. The letters took up to six months to make the journey.

By: White, Owen L. PhD

View PDF (5.2Mb) »

[WWII - Returned Mail - Deceased Soldier]

065 ARCHIVAL MATERIAL FOR THE MAPLE LEAF ISSUE OF CANADA 1897-1898

Almost 125 years after the Maple Leaf Issue of 1897-1898 was issued, this presentation outlines new discoveries on progressive die proofs and different states on the die and plate proofs. Many items shown vary from only example to less than 5 examples known.

By: McLaughlin, David

View PDF (4.6Mb) »

[Canada]

064 18TH-CENTURY-CARIBBEAN-MAILS

A study of 85 covers from fourteen Caribbean islands posted predominantly during the 18th century. Dates range from 1698 to 1803. Most are outward mail mainly to France or London. A few examples of inter-island mail are also present. There are seven covers from Antigua from the Codrington Correspondence.

By: Stubens, Frederick Robert

View PDF (5.8Mb) »

[18th CENTURY CARIBBEAN MAILS]

063 CZECHOSLOVAKIA MACHINE ADVERTISING CANCELS OF THE FIRST REPUBLIC PERIOD

This seven-frame exhibit shows the advertising or slogan cancels used by the nascent Czechoslovak Republic to provide information to citizens, promote exhibitions and fairs and raise funds for patriotic efforts. Almost 200 different slogans/advertisements were used over the eighteen year period in over one hundred-fifty offices. Advertisements/slogans exist in Czech and Slovak, and bilingual in Czech with French, German or English. Collecting philately of a country without a common language can be challenging but the research is fun and rewarding.

By: Friedenthal, Steven

View PDF (6.2Mb) »

[Czechoslovakia - machine advertising cancels]

062 AUSTRALIAN STAMP SHOWS: A Centenary of Organized Philately in Australia

This display presents the cachets, postmarks, stamps and labels associated with stamp shows over the first century of organized philately in Australia. Stamp shows typically include a dealer bourse and/or a club exhibit, the two groups at the core of organized philately. Australia’s early stamp dealers became established in the 1880s. Australia’s first stamp club, The Royal Philatelic Society of Victoria, was formed in 1887. Over the subsequent 100 years, many local, regional and national stamp shows were organized. This display presents show and related event covers, special postmarks, registration and publicity labels associated with these stamp shows arranged chronologically into four sections.

By: Foot, David K.

View PDF (19Mb) »

[Australia - Stamp Shows]

061 CANADA'S FIRST OFFICIAL POSTAL STATIONERY ADVERTISING CARDS

In conjunction with his presentation at the January 2020 meeting of the PSSC in Toronto, Chris Ellis displayed this 16 page exhibit as collateral information. It focuses on postal history aspects of the earliest Canadian stationery cards released in Victoria’s reign that were designed to have printed private advertisements added to the address side. The postal history aspects were only briefly summarized in Chris’ actual presentation to the PSSC which focused more on “social philately” research concerning these cards (a summary of the talk was published in the PSSC newsletter for January 2020).

By: Ellis, Christopher J.

View PDF (2Mb) »

[Canada - Postal Stationery]

060 REVENUE STAMPS OF THE RHODESIAS 1890s-1950s

This is a 16-page presentation of extraordinary revenue stamps of Rhodesia, South Rhodesia and North Rhodesia. This display contains items that are rarely seen, multiples, items used on documents, shades, proofs and more.

By: Hudson, Jim

View PDF (5.2Mb) »

[Rhodesia - Revenues]

059 BRITISH UNDERPAID INTERCONTINENTAL AIR MAIL TO WWII

This 8-frame exhibit was awarded a large gold medal at CANPEX 2019. It follows the development of commercial air mail services including Imperial Airways and some of its competitors from the first British long distance service, Cairo - Baghdad, to the disruption of commercial aviation by WWII. In particular it shows how the treatment of underpaid air mail between the United Kingdom and Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas evolved.

By: Snelson, Kenneth

View PDF (18.5Mb) »

[United Kingdom]

058 EGYPT - POSTA EUROPEA 1843-1865

A look at some of the handstamps used by this private postal system operating in Egypt prior to it being acquired by the Egyptian Government.

By: Potter, Victor G.

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[Egypt]

057 SAINT PIERRE & MIQUELON STAMP SHORTAGE OF 1926

The reason for the 1926 stamp shortage, particularly the 5 and 30-centime values, is not known. It resulted in unusual combination of available stamps on covers and culminated in issuance of Provisional Handstamps.

By: Taylor, James R. (Jim)

View PDF (5.2Mb) »

[Saint Pierre & Miquelon]

056 SHADES OF CANADA’S 8 CENTS SMALL QUEENS

The prime intent of this exhibit is to highlight the range of shades that exist for this denomination, and to show them in the chronological order that they first appeared.

By: Forbes, John (Jack)

View PDF (13.3Mb) »

View PDF (0.1Mb) »

[Canada]

055 COIN AND CURRENCY IN CANADA BEFORE 1871

The presentation explains the complicated nature of currency before 1871 which is reflected in the early stamps of Canada.

By: Laurence, Hugh

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[CANADA- Currency]

054 MINISTRY OF FINANCE 5-HOLE OHMS 1923 to 1942

The presentation focuses on selected usages of the 5-hole OHMS perforated officials. It illustrates postal history and selected stamps. Choice items include: Registered covers to England, a unique Bluenose block of six. Postal Stationery, earliest and latest usages, large multiples, mint items, and more.

By: Durbano, Patrick

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[Perfins]

053 CROSS BORDER USE OF U.S. CIVIL WAR PATRIOTIC COVERS

This presentation was given at BNAPEX 2019 on 31 August at the meeting hosted by the PSSC. Over 51,000 Canadians joined the US Civil War conflict, mostly on the Union side, but 1,500 on the Confederate side. Consequently, there are examples of covers with U.S. Civil War patriotic symbols mailed from Canada as well as the Maritime provinces who had their own postal systems during this period (1861-65). In Canadian postal history this was the period of the first decimal issue, resulting in some highly appealing frankings, as well as stampless letters which were still valid during this period. Besides showing attractive covers, Ron provides background to the conflict through maps, illustrations and chronologies.

By: Majors, Ron

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[Cross Border Mail]

052 THE POST OFFICE IN TORONTO TO 1901

The presentation runs from 1797, when William Willcocks became the first postmaster in York, through to 1900 when the first postal station was established in Toronto. It comprises historical back ground including the 1837 rebellion, the post masters, the various post offices and branch offices using historic letters, cancellations, markings and noteworthy facts.

By: Portch, Garfield

View PDF (17.7Mb) »

[Canada]

051 THE EYE – A Philatelic Study

The 430 page study covers the blind in society and at work as well as the services and educational institutions serving their needs. It explores prevention, treatment, research, optical aids, services including artificial eyes, guide dogs and more. Furthermore the forms of communication, the braille alphabet, methods to ease correspondence and postal concessions for the blind are examined and much more using 750 artifacts. See the table of contents.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

View PDF (302.5Mb) »

[Social Philately]

050 MILITARY TORONTO - A COLLECTION OF MILITARY AND MILITARY RELATED MATERIALS THAT ARE FROM, TO OR THROUGH TORONTO.

From the War of 1812 through to WWII Canada or Canadians have fought in 13 conflicts. The presentation examines a number of related philatelic items and their connection to Toronto.

By: Livermore, P. Charles

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[Canada]

049 AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN CENSOR MARKS ON MAIL FROM POLAND 1914-1918

The presentation deals with censored mail during WWI from and to Galicia. From 1867 Galicia was an ethnic Pole-administered autonomous crown land until its dissolution in 1918. Galicia was about a quarter the area of present day Poland covering territory in the south east.

By: Piotrowski, Jerry

View PDF (5.6Mb) »

[Censored mail]

048 THE CANADA ENVELOPE COMPANY

Caneco (Canada Envelope Company) had one of the longest involvements in the Canadian first day cover field from 1954 until 1984. Some of their clients utilized Caneco cachets and information inserts modified to promote their own businesses.

By: Vogel, R. D.

View PDF (5.6Mb) »

[Topical]

047 THE AUTOMATION OF POSTAGE DISPENSING

A look at the history of stamp vending machines used in Canada.

By: Bartlet, Dave

View PDF (8.6Mb) »

[Canada]

046 THE HOUSEHOLDER RATE | LE TAUX DE PROPRIÉTAIRE

The Householder rate was introduced in 1889 Postal Guide. The presentation covers the payment methods, uses both legal & illegal, rate changes, formats and ends with why to collect this area.

By: McLaughlin, David

Download Video (38.8Mb) »

[Canada]

045 CANADA, THE 1972 - 1977 DEFINITIVE ISSUE (CARICATURE & LANDSCAPES)

A look at fluorescence, pre-cancelled, errors, usage, rates, etc.

By: McCarthy, Peter

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[Canada]

044 DEMONSTRATING PHILATELIC KNOWLEDGE, AND PERSONAL STUDY AND RESEARCH, IN THEMATIC EXHIBITS

In addition showing attempts to influence scores in Rarity/Difficulty of Acquisition.

By: Piercey, David FRPSC

View PDF (5.7Mb) »

[Topical]

043 WEATHER BY MAIL

A fun examination of the means, official and fanciful, used to transmit weather information and forecasts by mail.

By: Houde, Michel

View PDF (2Mb) »

[Topical]

042 DEVELOPMENT OF BOLIVIAN AIRMAIL 1905-1945

The Andean landlocked country of Bolivia had poorly developed land routes with no airmail nor transportation services. Despite a difficult topography, aviation offered an opportunity to improve the communications and to unite the local and immigrant populations. Post WWI, Germany was looking beyond Europe for the re-establishment of its commerce and industry. Bolivia was promising as it was free of British and French dominations. The German immigrant population was also a serendipitous bonus!

By: Freeman, Sandy

Download Video (34.5Mb) »

[Bolivia]

041 O CANADA! A PERSONAL INTERPRETATION

This presentation traces the individuals and steps involved in the adoption of "0 Canada!" as the Canadian national anthem on 1 July 1980. The English followed by the French lyrics are give a personal philatelic interpretation.

By: Houde, Michel

View PDF (1.2Mb) »

[Topical]

040 PROVISIONAL UKRAINIAN POSTAGE STAMPS OF THE 1990S

This is tariff 1 regular international airmail posted 18 June 1992, cities of Kyiv to Silver Spring Maryland USA. The cover stamps are from a group locally issued by the city of Kyiv, but nationally recognised due to the importance as the first issued overprints to be nationally sanctioned and to the Ukrainian symbolism. The franking of overprints and stationery stamp image met the total required in era 5 Karbovantsiv fee (comparable to 5 dollars).

By: Stelmacovich, Mark

Download Powerpoint (262.9Mb) »

[Ukraine]

039 SYMBOLS OF CANADA: THE MAPLE LEAF & THE FLAG

The presentation chronicles the flags flown over Canada through the centuries, the unfolding of the Maple Leaf as the national symbol, the evolution of the Maple Leaf Flag and its use in Canada and overseas along with the Maple Leaf as Canadian icons.

By: Houde, Michel

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[Topical]

038 POSTAL HISTORY OF BAYFIELD, ONTARIO TO 1975

Bayfield, Ontario is located on the eastern shore of Lake Huron. It was founded in 1832 by Carel Lodewijk Baron van Serooskerken, a Dutch nobleman and named after Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield of the Royal Navy.

By: Dziemianczuk, Wladyslaw

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[Postal History]

037 PROJECT CHARIOT – ATOMIC BOMBS FOR HARBOUR BUILDING?

On June 19, 1957, the United States originated Operation Plowshare to investigate the peaceful use of nuclear explosives for terrestrial engineering. Dr. Edward Teller, the 'father of the hydrogen bomb' suggested the blasting of a harbour at Cape Thompson, Alaska despite there being no practical use for it. On June 9th, 1958, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) accepted his idea and it became known as “Project Chariot.”

By: Houde, Michel

View PDF (1.6Mb) »

[Topical]

036 NASTY WARS OF THE 2nd HALF OF THE 20th CENTURY UNDELIVERABLE UK MAIL

From the end of WWII there has been no major conflict between the world powers. However, war has been continuous in many regional conflicts and civil wars. This exhibit shows a representative sample of mail from, or to, the UK that could not be delivered due to a variety of conflicts in a range different geographic regions.

By: Snelson, Kenneth

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[United Kingdom]

035 A PHILATELIC NARRATION OF THE LIFE & CAREER OF MAJOR RICHARD PATTINSON AN ALMOST FORGOTTEN CANADIAN 1809-1875

This is a biographical display based on stamps, covers and documents. Major Richard Pattinson was born in Canada in 1809, orphaned at age 9, raised in Scotland, chose a military career, retired to Canada, reenlisted for the Crimean War, was the Governor of Heligoland and retired to France where he passed away.

By: Houde, Michel

View PDF (2.9Mb) »

[Topical]

034 NEW ZEALAND MARINE POST OFFICE MARKINGS 1923 TO 1938

In November, 1923 mail agents were assigned to the ships of the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand operating between New Zealand and North America. Twenty-one covers display the circular date stamps of the seven Marine P.O. vessels, and examples of all the ten obliterators used.

By: Welsh, Don

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[New Zealand]

033 DUAL CURRENCY

In the last 150 years, various postal administrations have seen the necessity to display two currency values on their postal material. The reasons for doing this are that (1) two currencies are in use (2) to avoid confusion as to value or (3) to acquaint the public to a pending change in currency.

By: Houde, Michel

View PDF (2Mb) »

[Topical]

032 AUSTRALIAN ROCKET MAIL 1934-1937

This display shows covers and labels from all ten rocket mail experiments by the Queensland Air Mail Society over 1934-7. It includes complete souvenir sheets of the associated Cinderella labels. Also included in the write up are extracts from newspaper reports, contemporaneous photos and postcards, and signatures of the principal participants.

By: David K. Foot

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[Australia]

031 NORTH AMERICAN BEAVER

Castor Canadensis – description, habitat, effects, commerce and symbolism of the North American beaver.

By: Houde, Michel

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[Topical]

030 CHINESE AND THE HONG KONG POST OFFICE

The habits of Chinese speakers using the mail in Hong Kong are little understood. There were letter-writing and carriage services outside the government mails and only a portion of this great volume of correspondence ever went through a post office! In this one colony, the British had to adapt to serve their citizens in their first language.

By: Wilson, John

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[Hong Kong]

029 SHORT PAID MAIL TO, FROM, AND WITHIN THE SOLOMON ISLANDS 1907-1978

A look a short paid mail in six categories including oddities.

By: Kimmerly, Ian

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[Solomon Islands]

028 FLYING MERCURY ISSUES OF GREECE July 1, 1901 to 1911

A look at this issue the design of which is based on a statue created by the Italian sculptor Giovanni da Bologna. The stamps and their use are examined.

By: Wright, Ted

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[Greece]

027 LES ETOILES DE PARIS 1852- 1876

Paris star cancellations were obliterators used to deface the stamp on mail from Paris, France from 1852-1876. A look at some of the types and usages.

By: Nixon, Ted

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[France]

026 AN INTRODUCTION TO RE-ENTRIES

A guided tour of many of the re-entries that appear in the Unitrade Specialized Catalogue of Canadian Stamps starting with the pence issues. Plus, an explanation of items mistaken for re-entries.

By: Trimble, Ralph E. FRPSC

View PDF (13.7Mb) »

[Re-Entries]

025 GOSPORT TAXE MARKS – THE BRITISH POST OFFICE MAKES A MISTAKE

A mistake was made and, much to the surprise of the local postmaster, a set of taxe marks intended for an International Office of Exchange were sent to Gosport, a small coastal town near Portsmouth.

By: Snelson, Kenneth

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[United Kingdom]

024 DETAINED FOR POSTAGE NOTICES OF THE BRITISH POST OFFICE 1790 – c1875

Pre GPU Problem for Foreign Mail: Each Post Office that handled a letter had to be paid for the transmission of each letter. Many postal agreements did not require the delivering Post Office to collect postage due from the recipients and transmit it to the sending or intermediate Post Offices. What to do if the British postage is not prepaid? Return to sender

By: Snelson, Kenneth

View PDF (3.1Mb) »

[United Kingdom]

023 SAINT DOMINGUE THE POSTAL HISTORY UNTIL 1803

The western third of the Island of Hispaniola was ceded by Spain to France in 1697 and named Saint Domingue. After a long fight, it declared its independence on 1 January 1804 and was renamed Haiti the first independent country in the Caribbean. The routing of 18th Century mail from 1716 onwards from 23 post offices is examined. The fifth frame displays letters related to the insurrection which led to independence.

By: Stubens, Frederick R.

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[Haiti - 18th Century]

022 LIFE OF A TRIPLE ALLIANCE POW IN A TRIPLE ENTENTE REGIME

A look at WWI POW camps, types of mail including mail to hospitals and mail exchanged between camps. Camps in various places including Honshu Island, Isle of Man, South Africa, India, Russia and Austria.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

View PDF (1.7Mb) »

[Prisoners of War Mail - WWI]

021 FRAGRANT STAMPS - SMELL MY STAMPS!

A fun look a scented stamp ranging from flowers, nature, food and perfume.

By: Houde, Michel

Download Powerpoint (10.5Mb) »

[Topical - Scented Stamps]

020 PROOF THAT THE “GRINNELL MISSIONARIES” ARE FORGERIES

A detailed examination of the ornament separating “13” and “Cents” and of the “central heart” in the left side ornaments show characteristics that may prove the “Grinnell Missionaries” are forgeries and that a genuine Missionary stamp in Grinnell’s possession was used as a model.

By: Longley, Bill

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[Hawaii]

019 UNDERPAID INTERNATIONAL MAIL - GPU TO WWI, OUT OF, INTO AND THROUGH GREAT BRITAIN

The General (later Universal) Postal Union (1875) improved the coordination of international mail This 80-page exhibit shows the practices of the British Post Office in interpreting Union rules for underpaid mail and the Taxe marks used by the British Post Office, as required by Union regulations. The franc of the Latin Monetary Union provided a stable reference for international postal accounts including postage due indications. WWI ended this period of stability and progress.

By: Snelson, Kenneth

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[United Kingdom]

018 HONG KONG - KING GEORGE VI - A STAMP INTERRUPTED BY WAR

An examination of the Hong Kong 8 cents King George VI stamp in all its aspects and usage.

By: Nessel, Ingo

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[Hong Kong]

017 REPUBLIC OF VENICE 1379-1797

Postal services were provided in Venice by three main methods: Ducal couriers, private messengers (including mainland coachmen), and by incoming vessels. Several routes into and from the City were also covered by postillions belonging to other states and cities. There were no postal fee markings in this period. This study covers: 1. Mails within the Venetian conurbation, 2. Mails within the Venetian Republic, 3. Mails within the Italian States, and 4. Mails to and from foreign destinations, including dominions.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

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[Republic of Venice]

016 SIGN LANGUAGE

A philatelic look at the non-verbal communication of sign language.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL Past Chairman Commission for Youth Philately, Federation International de Philatelie

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[Non-verbal communications]

015 THE MEDIUM IS THE MESSAGE” A PHILATELIST’S LOOK AT MARSHALL MCLUHAN’S THESIS

Today, we are inundated with messages by all kinds of means. One of these are newspapers which are just large letters prepaid by the recipient for the right to unfold them. It is the same process we use in handling mail. This is exactly what Marshall McLuhan said in his study of communications: The Medium Is The Message. Newspapers are the subject of those revenue collectors who study their taxation. The distribution of printed press relies heavily on the postal systems and is thus a legitimate philatelic collecting entity.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

View PDF (19.9Mb) »

View PDF (16.3Mb) »

[Social Philately]

014 PNEUMATIC POST - AN INTRODUCTION

The concept of moving mail through underground tubes was introduced in London, England by William Murdoch in 1836 for the transmission of telegrams. The presentation looks at the pneumatic post in: Berlin, Buenos Aires, Munich, Paris, Prague, Rome, USA [Boston, Chicago, New York] and Vienna.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

View PDF (20.6Mb) »

[Pneumatic Post]

013 PRISONERS OF WAR MAIL, WORLD WAR I PERIOD

This six-fame presentation focuses on the social aspect of life of prisoners of war, their families and agencies, involved in assisting them.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

View PDF (18.3Mb) »

[Prisoners of War Mail - WWI]

012 GERMAN MILITARY MAIL IN CHINA 1900-1906

A presentation examining the postal facilities available to the German military during the Boxer Rebellion from 1900 to 1906.

By: White, Owen L. PhD

View PDF (12.2Mb) »

[Boxer Rebellion]

011 YOUTH AND PHILATELY LANGUAGES AND CULTURE: JAPANESE & CHINESE

Stamp collecting should not be restricted to study and research … but should also include the sheer pleasure derived from abstract thoughts and arrangements. The study of languages and cultures … could be an entry to the world of collecting and learning. This method provides hours of fun by captivating the attention of a person.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL, Chairman Commission for Youth Philately Federation International de Philatelie

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[Youth and Philately]

010 YOUTH AND PHILATELY LANGUAGES AND CULTURE: INDIAN, LATIN & HEBREW

Stamp collecting should not be restricted to study and research … but should also include the sheer pleasure derived from abstract thoughts and arrangements. The study of languages and cultures … could be an entry to the world of collecting and learning. This method provides hours of fun by captivating the attention of a person.

By: Madesker,Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL, Chairman Commission for Youth Philately Federation International de Philatelie

View PDF (3.7Mb) »

[Youth and Philately]

009 ORANGE FREE STATE FORCES OFFICIAL MAIL, CACHETS AND FREE FRANKING LABELS 1892-1900

A study of the various postal methods of communication for the police and military forces of the Republic including cachets in lieu of postage on official mail and franks produced for the Police Force’s and Commando’s use after the War broke out on 11 October 1899.

By: Bartshe,Timothy

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[Orange Free State]

008 BANGKOK B-OVERPRINTS

A primer to the problematic Bangkok Bs a collecting area loved by fakers.

By: Houde, Michel

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[Bangkok]

007 NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATIONS - SEA MAIL AN INTRODUCTION

Letters from 1837 onwards are described to demonstrate how mail was carried by ships and submarines in an effort for people to communicate.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

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[Non-verbal communications]

006 A PHILATELIC NARRATION OF A HUMAN LIFE

The title reflects the common traits of all people. While we are individuals with divergent goals and aspirations, the patterns of life are both similar and interchangeable. We are all born; we live and we die; everything else is incidental. This "biographical” presentation is based on documents pertaining to life cycles and letters written by various people on matters affecting their lives. The imaginary person, or rather the composite created by the presenter, lived in the 19th century North America affected by struggles for daily existence, battling disease, subject to political upheavals and wars. The letters reflect family relationships, mores of the times and anecdotal diversions. Liberty was taken to include materials from several countries and to transgress the boundaries of the period, both to make the narrative more fluid.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

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[Social Philately]

005 NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATIONS - THE MORSE CODE

The Morse Code (alphabet) is transmitted by means of electro-magnetic or sound and light impulses. Messages are based on a system of dots, dashes and spaces. Correct usage depends on the proficiency of the operator. "Conversations" at 20 to 30 words per minute are quite common.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

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[Non-verbal communications]

004 A SAILOR IS COMING HOME TO REST

JAMES RAY TEMPLETON, a Navy reservist since 1942, was transferred to Active Duty in April 194. On November 19, 1943 he was washed aboard and presumed drowned. His body was recovered after an intensive search and he was buried on Saturday, June 20, 1944.

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

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[Social Philately]

003 OVERVIEW OF THE EARLY TELEGRAPH SERVICE IN CANADA

This presentation highlights the introduction and development of telegraphic service in Canada starting in 1851. It covers the invention of the telegraph in the 1830s and the major telegraph companies that pioneered the service in Canada. [Part of Michael Madesker’s Non-Verbal Communications theme.]

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

View PDF (3.7Mb) »

[Canada]

002 LONDON CANCELS DURING THE VICTORIAN PERIOD

The purpose of this exhibit is to trace the development of London postage obliterators from the Maltese Cross to the relatively sophisticated machine applied Duplex cancels and the combined Date and Obliterator cancels of the final decade of the nineteenth century.

By: Anonymous PSSC member

View PDF (13.1Mb) »

[United Kingdom]

001 UK TAXE MARKS AND THEIR OFFICES OF USE IN THE CENTIMES ERA

This exhibit illustrates the 'T' marks used by the United Kingdom post office from 1875 to 1965. Most mail was taxed in London but many other Offices of Exchange taxed mail.

By: Snelson, Kenneth

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[United Kingdom]