PSSC Presentations / Exhibits

The PSSC membership wishes to share their passion for things philatelic by making available some of their presentations for all to enjoy. Below you will find exhibits big and small, PowerPoint presentations, Show-and-Tell pages, the occasional video and more as members submit items.

Great Britain

UK RESPONSE TO 1 APR 1887 RULE — BILINGUAL REASONS FOR RETURN HANDSTAMPS

By: Snelson, Kenneth

The purpose of this exhibit is to illustrate the response of the GB Post Office to 1887 UPU rule requiring returned international mail to have the reason for non-delivery indicated by a label or handstamp in French. The label or stamp could also include the reason in another language. After experimenting with labels, the GB Post Office settled on bilingual handstamps applied in the Returned Letter Office, London. A variety of reasons were shown in the handstamps which form the main part of this exhibit. 083

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CHINA - HANKOW

HANKOW, CHINA, 1891-1919

By: Chiu. Sam Ph.D.

The postal history of Hankow from the time of the forerunners as Customs PO, to Chinese Imperial PO and eventually to the Republic of China PO, are shown until the end of WWI in 1919. The British PO is shown for its long service history as well as examples of the less important foreign POs, those of France, Japan, Germany, and Russia. Hankow is often regarded as the center point of China. It has neutral land or railroad links north to the Capital in Peking and south to Canton and Hong Kong. It is on the Yangtse River about halfway between Shanghai and Chungking. Hankow is where China’s first iron foundry was founded which manufactured rails for the Hankow-Peking Railroad and became a railroad hub. It was also a center hub for the tea trade. The 1911 Revolution that ended China’s Imperial history also started in Hankow. (This exhibit received the Grand Award at Pipex 2021, the first virtual national level show, and has been invited to the Champion of Champions competition in 2021.) 082

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Thematic - GONE WITH THE WIND

GONE WITH THE WIND: CONTROVERSIAL CLASSIC

By: Mak, Derwin

This display exhibit is about Gone With the Wind, the famous 1939 film based on the novel by Margaret Mitchell. The exhibit uses stamps, covers, and cancels to show the history of the movie, from the publication of the novel to the Academy Awards of 1940, where it won 9 Oscars. The exhibit also shows the film's controversies, including its depictions of Black/African Americans, the Confederate Lost Cause, and the racially-segregated film premiere in Atlanta. Finally, the exhibit uses a postcard and cover to show Margaret Mitchell's secret and complicated relationship with Morehouse College, a Black university. 081

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New Brunswick

POSTAL HISTORY OF THE NEW BRUNSWICK “CENTS” ISSUE OF 1860

By: Smith, Derek

As part of the process of moving to a decimal currency system in 1860, the New Brunswick post office had to produce new stamps denominated in “cents” to replace the existing pence values. In December 1859, Charles Connell, the Postmaster General, let a contract to the American Bank Note Company of New York for four values, for delivery by April for usage on 1 May 1860. There was public furor over Connell’s using his image on the 5¢ stamp. He was forced to resign, and the “offending stamp” was withdrawn. Using rare images from various sources Derek examines the postage rates from 15 May 1860, for letters to BNA, to adjacent towns, Newfoundland, the United States and then moves on to transatlantic mail, Bermuda, and the British West Indies. 080

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  You Tube video (54min)

Military - CANADA’S Y-FORCE IN JAMAICA

Y-FORCE Canadian Army in Jamaica 1940-1946

By: White, Owen L. PhD

This is Dr. White's presentation to the PSSC on 20 November 2013. The "Y” Force regiments were sent by Canada to Jamaica to replace the British garrison which had been withdrawn to the UK to defend the Island. The presentation looks at covers from the four regiments that were sent in turn to Jamaica between 1940 and 1946. Special attention is paid to the Military Censor markings that are found on these covers. 079

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Cyprus

CYPRUS SURFACE MAIL

By: Forbes, John (Jack)

This exhibit shows King George VI Adhesive Definitives being used to pay, or helping to pay, Surface Postage Rates and any Additional Postal Services, where applicable, in the 1938 to 1955 period. 078

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WWII - EXPORT CONTROL

BRITISH PHILATELIC ASSOCIATION'S INVOLVEMENT IN WWII - EXPORT CONTROL

By: Forbes, John (Jack)

This exhibit describes the procedures that were put in place during WW II to control philatelic material being exported and imported during the 1940 to 1953 period in the United Kingdom. Reference is made to the number of pieces being dealt with by the B.P.A. organization. 077

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Palestine

SOME UNCOMMON DESTINATIONS FOR MAIL SENT FROM PALESTINE DURING BRITISH OCCUPATION: DECEMBER 1917-MAY 1948.

By: Kroft, Ed

Ed Kroft, President of The Royal Philatelic Society of Canada, provides an epic adventure around the world in his postal history presentation. There is a discussion of over 150 rare covers sent from Palestine to various uncommon worldwide destinations over a 31-year period. His presentation describes and analyzes covers to over 100 different sovereign states, colonies, territories, and possessions. The presentation whets your appetite for an entertaining mix of history, geography and philately filled with extensive research. 076

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  YouTube video (1h 25min)

Canada

FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROL BOARD – 15 Sept 1939 to 14 Dec 1952

By: Godfrey, Eldon

This presentation documents the role played by Canada Post, its Directors and Postmasters, in assuring compliance with the regulations of the Foreign Exchange Control Board with respect to the flow of foreign exchange through the mail during World War II and seven years thereafter from September 16, 1939 to December 14, 1951. 075

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  YouTube video (1h 14min)

New Republic

NEW REPUBLIC

By: Carswell, Robert

The New Republic issued stamps in many denominations (over 20), but of those only the 1d and 2d, and possibly 3d and 4d stamps, are known to have been used for postage. The higher denominations, to the extent they were used at all, were used as revenue stamps, and were cancelled by manuscript. Gerrit Jonkers, the pre-eminent authority on these matters, states that stamps of the higher denominations bearing mechanical cancels were probably cancelled to order for philatelists. The New Republic stamps (other than those referred to as “early revenue stamps”) feature the same primitive design. They were hand-stamped, one at a time, almost always in violet ink, on two types of imported paper. Many were embossed (again by hand) with the elaborate arms of the Republic, one stamp at a time. 074

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Australia

QUEENSLAND – A PHILATELIC MISCELLANY

By: Hopper, David

The first stamps of Queensland were printed in London and issued in 1860. David covers the various printers as well as the stamps they produced. He looks at plate flaws, varieties, Railway Stamps, Stamp Duty issues, Buffalo Fly Control stamps, Swine Sales Stamps, and an eclectic assortment of other postal and related items. 073

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  YouTube video (37min)

Thematic

14th UPU CONGRESS OTTAWA, CANADA 1957

By: McLaughlin, David

The 1957 UPU Congress was only the second time that it had been held in North America, the first being the Washington Congress, sixty years prior in 1897. The congress was held in the Parliament Buildings and lasted 7 weeks from Aug 14 to Oct 3, 1957. Three hundred and fifty delegates attended from 91 of the 96 UPU member countries. As is customary at UPU meetings, the delegates exchanged presentation booklets with the stamps of their countries. Based on the number of delegates and the number of member countries attending, over 30,000 of these booklets were exchanged at the congress. 072

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  YouTube video (51min)

Norfolk Island

THE POSTAL HISTORY OF NORFOLK ISLAND

By: Foot, David K.

Norfolk Island is a small sub-tropical island off the east coast of Australia. It first issued stamps in 1947. This display traces the postal history of Norfolk Island from its establishment as an adjunct to the penal settlement in Australia in 1788, through the relocation of the Pitcairn Islanders in 1856 to its administration as a British Colony and an Australian Territory. Items include censored and New Zealand Expeditionary Force mail from World War II, early flight covers, the introduction of decimalization in 1966, official mail and the unique ‘local’ mail. The display is focussed on the years prior to 1980. 071

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  YouTube video (1hr 21min)

Thematic

SUPERMAN, STAMPS, COVERS AND POSTMARKS OF THE MAN OF STEEL!

By: Mak, Derwin

Derwin is both a comics fan and philatelist. Here he combines his two interests in an exhibit about Superman, the comic book superhero and one of the most famous fictional characters of all time. 070

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  YouTube video (1hr 11min)

Military Postal History

CANADA’S C-FORCE IN HONG KONG

By: Chiu, Sam Ph.D.

The Postal History of C-Force including the forerunner Y-Force, enroute and arrival in Hong Kong as well as detained, returned and POW mail in Hong Kong and Japan. Philatelic material and ephemera illustrate the social aspects of this chapter in Canadian military history and the Battle of Hong Kong. 069

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  YouTube video (1hr 20min)

Poland

WHY I COLLECT POLAND

By: Hodgson, Joshua

For the stamps of a country to be collectable certain criteria must be present. Firstly, material must be available and secondly present attainable challenges. With its volume of mail, its participation in three wars, financial catastrophes and a range of political systems Poland meets these requirements. 068

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Great Britain

THE “GOLDEN AGE” OF UK POSTAGE DUE POSTCARDS – TO WORLD WAR ONE

By: Snelson, Kenneth

This exhibit illustrates the evolving rules as to what was allowed as a postcard and how cards that broke the rules were charged postage due by the UK Post Office. It covers from the start of postcards in the 1870s up to World War One – including the early 1900s - sometimes referred to as the “Golden Age” of postcards. International incoming, outgoing and transit usages are shown together with internal usages. It makes extensive references to the GPU/UPU rules which were initially very restrictive but under intense public pressure were gradually relaxed as private postcards were allowed and eventually in October 1907 all countries allowed messages on half the address side. The exhibit includes a wide variety of infractions of the regulations and destinations and points of origin from around the world. 067

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Military Postal History

RETURN TO SENDER-KILLED IN ACTION

By: White, Owen L. PhD

The covers in this exhibit reveal the procedures in handling letters received at a Unit and addressed to a Canadian soldier who had been killed in action. Lieutenant James William Hartley was 27 when he was killed by Allied Artillery fire on 18 July 1944. The letters took up to six months to make the journey. 066

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Canada

ARCHIVAL MATERIAL FOR THE MAPLE LEAF ISSUE OF CANADA 1897-1898

By: McLaughlin, David

Almost 125 years after the Maple Leaf Issue of 1897-1898 was issued, this presentation outlines new discoveries on progressive die proofs and different states on the die and plate proofs. Many items shown vary from only example to less than 5 examples known. 065

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Caribbean

18TH-CENTURY-CARIBBEAN-MAILS

By: Stubens, Frederick Robert

A study of 85 covers from fourteen Caribbean islands posted predominantly during the 18th century. Dates range from 1698 to 1803. Most are outward mail mainly to France or London. A few examples of inter-island mail are also present. There are seven covers from Antigua from the Codrington Correspondence. 064

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Czechoslovakia

CZECHOSLOVAKIA MACHINE ADVERTISING CANCELS OF THE FIRST REPUBLIC PERIOD

By: Friedenthal, Steven

This seven-frame exhibit shows the advertising or slogan cancels used by the nascent Czechoslovak Republic to provide information to citizens, promote exhibitions and fairs and raise funds for patriotic efforts. Almost 200 different slogans/advertisements were used over the eighteen year period in over one hundred-fifty offices. Advertisements/slogans exist in Czech and Slovak, and bilingual in Czech with French, German or English. Collecting philately of a country without a common language can be challenging but the research is fun and rewarding. 063

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Australia

AUSTRALIAN STAMP SHOWS: A Centenary of Organized Philately in Australia

By: Foot, David K.

This display presents the cachets, postmarks, stamps and labels associated with stamp shows over the first century of organized philately in Australia. Stamp shows typically include a dealer bourse and/or a club exhibit, the two groups at the core of organized philately. Australia’s early stamp dealers became established in the 1880s. Australia’s first stamp club, The Royal Philatelic Society of Victoria, was formed in 1887. Over the subsequent 100 years, many local, regional and national stamp shows were organized. This display presents show and related event covers, special postmarks, registration and publicity labels associated with these stamp shows arranged chronologically into four sections. 062

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Canada

CANADA'S FIRST OFFICIAL POSTAL STATIONERY ADVERTISING CARDS

By: Ellis, Christopher J.

In conjunction with his presentation at the January 2020 meeting of the PSSC in Toronto, Chris Ellis displayed this 16 page exhibit as collateral information. It focuses on postal history aspects of the earliest Canadian stationery cards released in Victoria’s reign that were designed to have printed private advertisements added to the address side. The postal history aspects were only briefly summarized in Chris’ actual presentation to the PSSC which focused more on “social philately” research concerning these cards (a summary of the talk was published in the PSSC newsletter for January 2020). 061

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Rhodesia

REVENUE STAMPS OF THE RHODESIAS 1890s-1950s

By: Hudson, Jim

This is a 16-page presentation of extraordinary revenue stamps of Rhodesia, South Rhodesia and North Rhodesia. This display contains items that are rarely seen, multiples, items used on documents, shades, proofs and more. 060

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Great Britain

BRITISH UNDERPAID INTERCONTINENTAL AIR MAIL TO WWII

By: Snelson, Kenneth

This 8-frame exhibit was awarded a large gold medal at CANPEX 2019. It follows the development of commercial air mail services including Imperial Airways and some of its competitors from the first British long distance service, Cairo - Baghdad, to the disruption of commercial aviation by WWII. In particular it shows how the treatment of underpaid air mail between the United Kingdom and Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas evolved. 059

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Egypt

EGYPT - POSTA EUROPEA 1843-1865

By: Potter, Victor G.

A look at some of the handstamps used by this private postal system operating in Egypt prior to it being acquired by the Egyptian Government. 058

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Saint Pierre & Miquelon

SAINT PIERRE & MIQUELON STAMP SHORTAGE OF 1926

By: Taylor, James R. (Jim)

The reason for the 1926 stamp shortage, particularly the 5 and 30-centime values, is not known. It resulted in unusual combination of available stamps on covers and culminated in issuance of Provisional Handstamps. 057

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Canada

SHADES OF CANADA’S 8 CENTS SMALL QUEENS

By: Forbes, John (Jack)

The prime intent of this exhibit is to highlight the range of shades that exist for this denomination, and to show them in the chronological order that they first appeared. 056

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Canada

COIN AND CURRENCY IN CANADA BEFORE 1871

By: Laurence, Hugh

The presentation explains the complicated nature of currency before 1871 which is reflected in the early stamps of Canada. 055

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Canada - Official Perfins

MINISTRY OF FINANCE 5-HOLE OHMS 1923 to 1942

By: Durbano, Patrick

The presentation focuses on selected usages of the 5-hole OHMS perforated officials. It illustrates postal history and selected stamps. Choice items include: Registered covers to England, a unique Bluenose block of six. Postal Stationery, earliest and latest usages, large multiples, mint items, and more. 054

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Military Postal History

CROSS BORDER USE OF U.S. CIVIL WAR PATRIOTIC COVERS

By: Majors, Ron

This presentation was given at BNAPEX 2019 on 31 August at the meeting hosted by the PSSC. Over 51,000 Canadians joined the US Civil War conflict, mostly on the Union side, but 1,500 on the Confederate side. Consequently, there are examples of covers with U.S. Civil War patriotic symbols mailed from Canada as well as the Maritime provinces who had their own postal systems during this period (1861-65). In Canadian postal history this was the period of the first decimal issue, resulting in some highly appealing frankings, as well as stampless letters which were still valid during this period. Besides showing attractive covers, Ron provides background to the conflict through maps, illustrations and chronologies. 053

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Canada

THE POST OFFICE IN TORONTO TO 1901

By: Portch, Garfield

The presentation runs from 1797, when William Willcocks became the first postmaster in York, through to 1900 when the first postal station was established in Toronto. It comprises historical back ground including the 1837 rebellion, the post masters, the various post offices and branch offices using historic letters, cancellations, markings and noteworthy facts. 052

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Topical - Biology

THE EYE – A Philatelic Study

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

The 430 page study covers the blind in society and at work as well as the services and educational institutions serving their needs. It explores prevention, treatment, research, optical aids, services including artificial eyes, guide dogs and more. Furthermore the forms of communication, the braille alphabet, methods to ease correspondence and postal concessions for the blind are examined and much more using 750 artifacts. See the table of contents. 051

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Military Postal History

MILITARY TORONTO - A COLLECTION OF MILITARY AND MILITARY RELATED MATERIALS THAT ARE FROM, TO OR THROUGH TORONTO.

By: Livermore, P. Charles

From the War of 1812 through to WWII Canada or Canadians have fought in 13 conflicts. The presentation examines a number of related philatelic items and their connection to Toronto. 050

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Poland

AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN CENSOR MARKS ON MAIL FROM POLAND 1914-1918

By: Piotrowski, Jerry

The presentation deals with censored mail during WWI from and to Galicia. From 1867 Galicia was an ethnic Pole-administered autonomous crown land until its dissolution in 1918. Galicia was about a quarter the area of present day Poland covering territory in the south east. 049

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Canada

THE CANADA ENVELOPE COMPANY

By: Vogel, R. D.

Caneco (Canada Envelope Company) had one of the longest involvements in the Canadian first day cover field from 1954 until 1984. Some of their clients utilized Caneco cachets and information inserts modified to promote their own businesses. 048

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Canada

THE AUTOMATION OF POSTAGE DISPENSING

By: Bartlet, Dave

A look at the history of stamp vending machines used in Canada. 047

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Canada

THE HOUSEHOLDER RATE | LE TAUX DE PROPRIÉTAIRE

By: McLaughlin, David

The Householder rate was introduced in 1889 Postal Guide. The presentation covers the payment methods, uses both legal & illegal, rate changes, formats and ends with why to collect this area. 046

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Canada

CANADA, THE 1972 - 1977 DEFINITIVE ISSUE (CARICATURE & LANDSCAPES)

By: McCarthy, Peter

A look at fluorescence, pre-cancelled, errors, usage, rates, etc. 045

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Thematics - Exhibiting

DEMONSTRATING PHILATELIC KNOWLEDGE, AND PERSONAL STUDY AND RESEARCH, IN THEMATIC EXHIBITS

By: Piercey, David FRPSC

In addition showing attempts to influence scores in Rarity/Difficulty of Acquisition. 044

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Topical - Meteorology

WEATHER BY MAIL

By: Houde, Michel

A fun examination of the means, official and fanciful, used to transmit weather information and forecasts by mail. 043

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Bolivia

DEVELOPMENT OF BOLIVIAN AIRMAIL 1905-1945

By: Freeman, Sandy

The Andean landlocked country of Bolivia had poorly developed land routes with no airmail nor transportation services. Despite a difficult topography, aviation offered an opportunity to improve the communications and to unite the local and immigrant populations. Post WWI, Germany was looking beyond Europe for the re-establishment of its commerce and industry. Bolivia was promising as it was free of British and French dominations. The German immigrant population was also a serendipitous bonus! 042

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Topical - Anthems

O CANADA! A PERSONAL INTERPRETATION

By: Houde, Michel

This presentation traces the individuals and steps involved in the adoption of "0 Canada!" as the Canadian national anthem on 1 July 1980. The English followed by the French lyrics are give a personal philatelic interpretation. 041

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Ukraine

PROVISIONAL UKRAINIAN POSTAGE STAMPS OF THE 1990S

By: Stelmacovich, Mark

This is tariff 1 regular international airmail posted 18 June 1992, cities of Kyiv to Silver Spring Maryland USA. The cover stamps are from a group locally issued by the city of Kyiv, but nationally recognised due to the importance as the first issued overprints to be nationally sanctioned and to the Ukrainian symbolism. The franking of overprints and stationery stamp image met the total required in era 5 Karbovantsiv fee (comparable to 5 dollars). 040

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Topical - Flags

SYMBOLS OF CANADA: THE MAPLE LEAF & THE FLAG

By: Houde, Michel

The presentation chronicles the flags flown over Canada through the centuries, the unfolding of the Maple Leaf as the national symbol, the evolution of the Maple Leaf Flag and its use in Canada and overseas along with the Maple Leaf as Canadian icons. 039

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Poland

POSTAL HISTORY OF BAYFIELD, ONTARIO TO 1975

By: Dziemianczuk, Wladyslaw

Bayfield, Ontario is located on the eastern shore of Lake Huron. It was founded in 1832 by Carel Lodewijk Baron van Serooskerken, a Dutch nobleman and named after Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield of the Royal Navy. 038

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Topical - Nuclear

PROJECT CHARIOT – ATOMIC BOMBS FOR HARBOUR BUILDING?

By: Houde, Michel

On June 19, 1957, the United States originated Operation Plowshare to investigate the peaceful use of nuclear explosives for terrestrial engineering. Dr. Edward Teller, the 'father of the hydrogen bomb' suggested the blasting of a harbour at Cape Thompson, Alaska despite there being no practical use for it. On June 9th, 1958, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) accepted his idea and it became known as “Project Chariot.” 037

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Great Britain

NASTY WARS OF THE 2nd HALF OF THE 20th CENTURY UNDELIVERABLE UK MAIL

By: Snelson, Kenneth

From the end of WWII there has been no major conflict between the world powers. However, war has been continuous in many regional conflicts and civil wars. This exhibit shows a representative sample of mail from, or to, the UK that could not be delivered due to a variety of conflicts in a range different geographic regions. 036

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Topical - Biography

A PHILATELIC NARRATION OF THE LIFE & CAREER OF MAJOR RICHARD PATTINSON AN ALMOST FORGOTTEN CANADIAN 1809-1875

By: Houde, Michel

This is a biographical display based on stamps, covers and documents. Major Richard Pattinson was born in Canada in 1809, orphaned at age 9, raised in Scotland, chose a military career, retired to Canada, reenlisted for the Crimean War, was the Governor of Heligoland and retired to France where he passed away. 035

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New Zealand

NEW ZEALAND MARINE POST OFFICE MARKINGS 1923 TO 1938

By: Welsh, Don

In November, 1923 mail agents were assigned to the ships of the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand operating between New Zealand and North America. Twenty-one covers display the circular date stamps of the seven Marine P.O. vessels, and examples of all the ten obliterators used. 034

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Topical - Currencies

DUAL CURRENCY

By: Houde, Michel

In the last 150 years, various postal administrations have seen the necessity to display two currency values on their postal material. The reasons for doing this are that (1) two currencies are in use (2) to avoid confusion as to value or (3) to acquaint the public to a pending change in currency. 033

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Australia

AUSTRALIAN ROCKET MAIL 1934-1937

By: Foot, David K.

This display shows covers and labels from all ten rocket mail experiments by the Queensland Air Mail Society over 1934-7. It includes complete souvenir sheets of the associated Cinderella labels. Also included in the write up are extracts from newspaper reports, contemporaneous photos and postcards, and signatures of the principal participants. 032

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Topical - Animals

NORTH AMERICAN BEAVER

By: Houde, Michel

Castor Canadensis – description, habitat, effects, commerce and symbolism of the North American beaver. 031

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Hong Kong

CHINESE AND THE HONG KONG POST OFFICE

By: Wilson, John

The habits of Chinese speakers using the mail in Hong Kong are little understood. There were letter-writing and carriage services outside the government mails and only a portion of this great volume of correspondence ever went through a post office! In this one colony, the British had to adapt to serve their citizens in their first language. 030

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British Solomon Islands

SHORT PAID MAIL TO, FROM, AND WITHIN THE SOLOMON ISLANDS 1907-1978

By: Kimmerly, Ian

A look a short paid mail in six categories including oddities. 029

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Greece

FLYING MERCURY ISSUES OF GREECE July 1, 1901 to 1911

By: Wright, Ted

A look at this issue the design of which is based on a statue created by the Italian sculptor Giovanni da Bologna. The stamps and their use are examined. 028

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France

LES ETOILES DE PARIS 1852- 1876

By: Nixon, Ted

Paris star cancellations were obliterators used to deface the stamp on mail from Paris, France from 1852-1876. A look at some of the types and usages. 027

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Topical - Re-Entries

AN INTRODUCTION TO RE-ENTRIES

By: Trimble, Ralph E. FRPSC

A guided tour of many of the re-entries that appear in the Unitrade Specialized Catalogue of Canadian Stamps starting with the pence issues. Plus, an explanation of items mistaken for re-entries. 026

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Great Britain

GOSPORT TAXE MARKS – THE BRITISH POST OFFICE MAKES A MISTAKE

By: Snelson, Kenneth

A mistake was made and, much to the surprise of the local postmaster, a set of taxe marks intended for an International Office of Exchange were sent to Gosport, a small coastal town near Portsmouth. 025

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Great Britain

DETAINED FOR POSTAGE NOTICES OF THE BRITISH POST OFFICE 1790 – c1875

By: Snelson, Kenneth

Pre GPU Problem for Foreign Mail: Each Post Office that handled a letter had to be paid for the transmission of each letter. Many postal agreements did not require the delivering Post Office to collect postage due from the recipients and transmit it to the sending or intermediate Post Offices. What to do if the British postage is not prepaid? Return to sender 024

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Haiti

SAINT DOMINGUE THE POSTAL HISTORY UNTIL 1803

By: Stubens, Frederick R.

The western third of the Island of Hispaniola was ceded by Spain to France in 1697 and named Saint Domingue. After a long fight, it declared its independence on 1 January 1804 and was renamed Haiti the first independent country in the Caribbean. The routing of 18th Century mail from 1716 onwards from 23 post offices is examined. The fifth frame displays letters related to the insurrection which led to independence. 023

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Military Postal History

LIFE OF A TRIPLE ALLIANCE POW IN A TRIPLE ENTENTE REGIME

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

A look at WWI POW camps, types of mail including mail to hospitals and mail exchanged between camps. Camps in various places including Honshu Island, Isle of Man, South Africa, India, Russia and Austria. 022

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Topical - Fragrance

FRAGRANT STAMPS - SMELL MY STAMPS!

By: Houde, Michel

A fun look a scented stamps ranging from flowers, nature, food and perfume. 021

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Hawaii

PROOF THAT THE “GRINNELL MISSIONARIES” ARE FORGERIES

By: Longley, Bill

A detailed examination of the ornament separating “13” and “Cents” and of the “central heart” in the left side ornaments show characteristics that may prove the “Grinnell Missionaries” are forgeries and that a genuine Missionary stamp in Grinnell’s possession was used as a model. 020

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Great Britain

UNDERPAID INTERNATIONAL MAIL - GPU TO WWI, OUT OF, INTO AND THROUGH GREAT BRITAIN

By: Snelson, Kenneth

The General (later Universal) Postal Union (1875) improved the coordination of international mail This 80-page exhibit shows the practices of the British Post Office in interpreting Union rules for underpaid mail and the Taxe marks used by the British Post Office, as required by Union regulations. The franc of the Latin Monetary Union provided a stable reference for international postal accounts including postage due indications. WWI ended this period of stability and progress. 019

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Hong Kong

HONG KONG - KING GEORGE VI - A STAMP INTERRUPTED BY WAR

By: Nessel, Ingo

An examination of the Hong Kong 8 cents King George VI stamp in all its aspects and usage. 018

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Italy - Postal History

REPUBLIC OF VENICE 1379-1797

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

Postal services were provided in Venice by three main methods: Ducal couriers, private messengers (including mainland coachmen), and by incoming vessels. Several routes into and from the City were also covered by postillions belonging to other states and cities. There were no postal fee markings in this period. This study covers: 1. Mails within the Venetian conurbation, 2. Mails within the Venetian Republic, 3. Mails within the Italian States, and 4. Mails to and from foreign destinations, including dominions. 017

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Topical - Language

SIGN LANGUAGE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL Past Chairman Commission for Youth Philately, Federation International de Philatelie

A philatelic look at the non-verbal communication of sign language. 016

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Topical - Communications

THE MEDIUM IS THE MESSAGE” A PHILATELIST’S LOOK AT MARSHALL MCLUHAN’S THESIS

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

Today, we are inundated with messages by all kinds of means. One of these are newspapers which are just large letters prepaid by the recipient for the right to unfold them. It is the same process we use in handling mail. This is exactly what Marshall McLuhan said in his study of communications: The Medium Is The Message. Newspapers are the subject of those revenue collectors who study their taxation. The distribution of printed press relies heavily on the postal systems and is thus a legitimate philatelic collecting entity. 015

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Postal History

PNEUMATIC POST - AN INTRODUCTION

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

The concept of moving mail through underground tubes was introduced in London, England by William Murdoch in 1836 for the transmission of telegrams. The presentation looks at the pneumatic post in: Berlin, Buenos Aires, Munich, Paris, Prague, Rome, USA [Boston, Chicago, New York] and Vienna. 014

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Military Postal History

PRISONERS OF WAR MAIL, WORLD WAR I PERIOD

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

This six-fame presentation focuses on the social aspect of life of prisoners of war, their families and agencies, involved in assisting them. 013

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Military Postal History

GERMAN MILITARY MAIL IN CHINA 1900-1906

By: White, Owen L. PhD

A presentation examining the postal facilities available to the German military during the Boxer Rebellion from 1900 to 1906. 012

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Topical - Language

YOUTH AND PHILATELY LANGUAGES AND CULTURE: JAPANESE & CHINESE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL, Chairman Commission for Youth Philately Federation International de Philatelie

Stamp collecting should not be restricted to study and research … but should also include the sheer pleasure derived from abstract thoughts and arrangements. The study of languages and cultures … could be an entry to the world of collecting and learning. This method provides hours of fun by captivating the attention of a person. 011

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Topical - Language

YOUTH AND PHILATELY LANGUAGES AND CULTURE: INDIAN, LATIN & HEBREW

By: Madesker,Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL, Chairman Commission for Youth Philately Federation International de Philatelie

Stamp collecting should not be restricted to study and research … but should also include the sheer pleasure derived from abstract thoughts and arrangements. The study of languages and cultures … could be an entry to the world of collecting and learning. This method provides hours of fun by captivating the attention of a person. 010

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South Africa

ORANGE FREE STATE FORCES OFFICIAL MAIL, CACHETS AND FREE FRANKING LABELS 1892-1900

By: Bartshe,Timothy

A study of the various postal methods of communication for the police and military forces of the Republic including cachets in lieu of postage on official mail and franks produced for the Police Force’s and Commando’s use after the War broke out on 11 October 1899. 009

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Bangkok

BANGKOK B-OVERPRINTS

By: Houde, Michel

A primer to the problematic Bangkok Bs a collecting area loved by fakers. 008

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Topical - Communications

NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATIONS - SEA MAIL AN INTRODUCTION

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

Letters from 1837 onwards are described to demonstrate how mail was carried by ships and submarines in an effort for people to communicate. 007

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Topical - Biography

A PHILATELIC NARRATION OF A HUMAN LIFE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

The title reflects the common traits of all people. While we are individuals with divergent goals and aspirations, the patterns of life are both similar and interchangeable. We are all born; we live and we die; everything else is incidental. This "biographical” presentation is based on documents pertaining to life cycles and letters written by various people on matters affecting their lives. The imaginary person, or rather the composite created by the presenter, lived in the 19th century North America affected by struggles for daily existence, battling disease, subject to political upheavals and wars. The letters reflect family relationships, mores of the times and anecdotal diversions. Liberty was taken to include materials from several countries and to transgress the boundaries of the period, both to make the narrative more fluid. 006

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Topical - Communications

NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATIONS - THE MORSE CODE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

The Morse Code (alphabet) is transmitted by means of electro-magnetic or sound and light impulses. Messages are based on a system of dots, dashes and spaces. Correct usage depends on the proficiency of the operator. "Conversations" at 20 to 30 words per minute are quite common. 005

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Topical - Biography

A SAILOR IS COMING HOME TO REST

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

JAMES RAY TEMPLETON, a Navy reservist since 1942, was transferred to Active Duty in April 194. On November 19, 1943 he was washed aboard and presumed drowned. His body was recovered after an intensive search and he was buried on Saturday, June 20, 1944. 004

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Topical - Communications

OVERVIEW OF THE EARLY TELEGRAPH SERVICE IN CANADA

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL

This presentation highlights the introduction and development of telegraphic service in Canada starting in 1851. It covers the invention of the telegraph in the 1830s and the major telegraph companies that pioneered the service in Canada. [Part of Michael Madesker’s Non-Verbal Communications theme.] 003

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Great Britain

LONDON CANCELS DURING THE VICTORIAN PERIOD

By: Anonymous PSSC member

The purpose of this exhibit is to trace the development of London postage obliterators from the Maltese Cross to the relatively sophisticated machine applied Duplex cancels and the combined Date and Obliterator cancels of the final decade of the nineteenth century. 002

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Great Britain

UK TAXE MARKS AND THEIR OFFICES OF USE IN THE CENTIMES ERA

By: Snelson, Kenneth

This exhibit illustrates the 'T' marks used by the United Kingdom post office from 1875 to 1965. Most mail was taxed in London but many other Offices of Exchange taxed mail. 001

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